grandiflora, commonly known as Spikenard and Jatamasi in
Nepali. It is a perennial shrub about 40 cm in height and
thrives above 12,000 ft. It finds a wide spectrum of uses as a
tonic, antispasmodic, diuretic, laxative. Its roots are used
to prevent epileptic fits. The roots are also used as incense
specially; for religious offerings.
known as Monkshood and Bikh locally is found at altitudes
between 7,000 ft and 13,000 ft. Growing to an height of about
3 ft, they are very poisonous. Their roots are however
effective against rheumatism and fever but care has to be
taken to administer the correct dosage.
Artemisia vulgaris, commonly known as Indian Wormwood and
Titopati locally grows upto altitudes of 6000 ft. Attaining a
height of about 4 ft, their leaves are used as an antiseptic.
Piper longum, commonly known as Long Pepper and locally as
Pipla grows on the foothills of the Himalayas upto an altitude
of 3000 ft. It is a creeping herb. Its fruits are used as a
tonic and a medicine for diseases like asthma. The roots are
.used as antidote for snakebites.
Picrorhiza kurrooa, known as Kutki locally grows at altitudes
ranging between 10,000 ft and 16,000 ft. It grows to a height
of about half feet and its roots are used as a purgative and
have also been found effective against malaria.